Parliament on Saturday passed the Finance Bill 2019 with some changes in the proposals over the capital market, VAT and handloom industry that the opposition BNP called not a pro-people one as it is aimed at making rich people richer and the poor people poorer, reports UNB.
For the first time in Bangladesh's history, prime minister Sheikh Hasina moved the Bill following a request from finance minister AHM Mustafa Kamal. The finance minister made the request as he was unable to move it due to his sickness.
Taking part in the general discussion on the proposed budget, the prime minister said the government has fixed 2030 for achieving the sustainable development goals (SDGs) while 2041 to make the country a developed one.
"For this and implementing our election manifesto, this pro-people, pro-development and balanced budget will act as an effective tool," she said.
For a prosperous economy, she said, it is necessary to have a prosperous capital market. "This budget has many incentives for the capital market and the implementation of these incentives will expand the market and help play its desired role."
"To protect the interest of small investors, the budget proposed imposing 15 per cent tax on stock dividend distributed to shareholders by any listed company. But some of the business community raised their objection to this. This will raise their cost of capital and financial expenses while they'll be discouraged to invest," Sheikh Hasina said.
She said banks and financial institutions stated that as per the demand of Bangladesh Bank, the listed companies cannot give the cash dividend due to increase in the paid-up capital.
In this context, the prime minister proposed that listed companies give the same percentage of cash and stock dividend.
"If the percentage of the stock dividend remains higher than 10 per cent, tax will be imposed on the declared stock dividend."
In the proposed budget, she said, the government has imposed 15 per cent tax for a company if its retained earnings and reserve exceed 50 per cent of its paid-up capital.
"But the businesses raised their objection saying accumulated profit is usually invested in companies, its expansion and development while capital is needed for the expansion and reform of the local and foreign companies," she said.
But she said paying profit to investors has to be there in mind.
The prime minister said listed companies can transfer maximum 70 per cent of the net profit after tax for retained earnings and reserve.
"A company has to give the rest of 30 per cent as stock and cash dividends. If any company fails to do so, 10 per cent tax will be imposed on the transferred retained earnings and reserve."
She said businessmen providing VAT at lower than 15 per cent rate will be able to claim rebate which was not proposed in the original budget placed in Parliament on 13 June.
In the budget, the government proposes imposition of 5 per cent, 7.5 per cent and 10 per cent VAT on specific goods and services apart from the standard VAT rate of 15 per cent.
In addition, it wants to impose specific tax on some services and products such as key construction material rod and newsprint. It has also suggested continuing the existing 2 per cent and 2.4 per cent VAT at the trading stage of petroleum and pharmaceuticals.
The government also said businesspeople will not be able to avail themselves of input tax credit if they pay less than 15 per cent VAT.
To protect the local handloom industry, the prime minister proposed imposing Tk 4 as VAT on per kilogram thread which was 5 per cent in the proposed budget.
She also said the government will bring logical changes to import duties on papers that are not produced in the country.
Sheikh Hasina said everyone will be benefitted by the budget.
“This budget will help us go forward keeping the pace of ongoing development on to build a happy, developed and a prosperous country.”
She also said the government has attained the quality of upgrading Bangladesh into a middle-income country by successfully implementing the 'Vision 2021' and it is heading forward to achieve the SDGs by 2030 and build a developed country by 2041.
Finance minister AHM Mustafa Kamal in his winding-up speech said, “We’ll definitely reach the double digit GDP growth by 2024 and will attain 10 per cent growth every subsequent year.”
“We all under the leadership of prime minister Sheikh Hasina have relentlessly been working to take the country to a position from where no nation will be able to derail our development trend.”
He said Bangladesh will reach a position by 2030 when it will not take foreign debt, rather provide debt to others.
At the outset of his speech, the finance minister said he was caught by dengue on 10 June and described his difficulties he faced while placing the proposed budget in parliament on 13 July.
Opposition bench members Fakhrul Imam, Pir Fazlur Rahman, Kazi Firoze Rashid, Begum Rawshan Ara Mannan, M Rustam Ali Farazi, Mokabbir Khan and Rumeen Farhana proposed publishing the finance bill for eliciting public opinions.
In response, the prime minister hinted that BNP has deposited money in Swiss Bank which it amassed through nomination business in the 30 December 2018 national election.
“We have information that the BNP gave nomination to 692 candidates in 300 seats in the 2018 election. More than two or three candidates were given nomination in each constituency. Where did they deposit that money gotten from nomination business? You will get the idea of statistics of Swiss Bank account if you look into the matter,” she said.
Speaking on her proposal, BNP MP Rumeen Farhana said the proposed budget is not a pro-people one as it is aimed at making rich people richer and the poor people poorer.
She also mentioned that Bangladeshis' deposits in Swiss banks have increased a lot in the recent times.
Pointing to the MPs' criticism over the government's failure to rein in the loan default culture, Sheikh Hasina said it was military dictator Ziaur Rahman who grabbed the state power and introduced military rule in the country and started the loan default culture.
She said the loan default culture would have stopped had the democratic government remained in power.
“We have already taken some measures and are also taking steps to stop it,” she added.
On the budget proposal of giving scope to whiten black money, Sheikh Hasina said her government will certainly take measures if there is rise in corruption practices following the scope.
Later, the bill, introduced in the House on 13 June, was passed by voice vote.
The House accepted some amendments of the Finance Bill, 2019 brought by M Shahiduzzaman Sarkar, Mujibul Huq, Pir Fazlur Rahman, Moshiur Rahman Ranga, Shahiduzzaman Sarkar, Abdus Shahid, Israfil Alam, Kazi Firoze Rashid, Harunur Rashid, M Rustam Ali Farazi and Begum Rawshan Ara Mannan.
These amendments were mainly done for clerical errors.
Later, the proposals for publishing the bill to elicit public opinion and amendments were rejected by voice vote.