Bangladesh has secured second position in export growth among emerging economies and first among South Asian nations in the last decade despite its narrow export basket in the World Trade Organisation index.
According to the WTO Statistical Review 2019, Vietnam ranked the top position in the index where major economies including China, India, Mexico, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Turkey, Brazil and South Africa, however, were found to be placed in lower positions.
WTO released the Review last week saying Vietnam is leading the tally with 14.6 per cent growth while Bangladesh attained 9.8 per cent growth while the figure is 5.7 per cent for China and 5.3 per cent for India.
The export growth of Mexico was estimated to be 4.5 per cent, UAE 3.7 per cent, Turkey 2.4 per cent, Brazil 1.9 per cent and South Africa 1.5 per cent.
Bangladesh is now 42nd largest exporter while in terms of import its position is 30th, according to the Review.
The Review, however, noted that readymade garment (RMG) was still the main driving factor for Bangladesh’s export growth with its increased stake in the global market.
Bangladeshi RMG share in the global market 2.5 per cent in 2000 while currently the figure rose to over 6.5 per cent which kept its second position intact after China as the apparel producer for more than a decade but business analysts fear Vietnam could emerge as a strong contender in the coming years.
The WTO report largely attributed Vietnam’s export growth to its electrical machinery produces which “increased almost 30-fold between 2008 and 2018″.
On the other hand, it said, Bangladesh’s exports of apparel and clothing trebled in between 2008 and 2018”.
Bangladesh on Wednesday announced US$ 54 billion export target for the current fiscal year 2019-20, where product export would contribute $ 45.5 billion and service sector $ 8.5 billion.
Commerce ministry’s senior secretary Mofizul Islam said the total export-bound product growth was predicted to be 12.25 per cent and for the service sector it was estimated to be 34.1 per cent. In the last fiscal, Bangladesh registered export earnings of $ 46.873 billion.
Actual export earnings from product fetched $ 40.53 billion against the target of $ 39 billion which was 3.94 per cent high. Besides, the export from service sector stood at $ 6.33 billion or 26.77 per cent more than the target of $ 5 billion.
Readymade garment registered 11.49 per cent growth while agriculture products 34.92 per cent, plastic products 21.65 per cent and pharmaceuticals 25.60 per cent in the last fiscal. The average growth in product export was 10.55 per cent.