Television footage showed a massive fire raging through the prison block, with thick smoke billowing from the building as firefighters raced to put out the flames.
“Forty-one inmates died, eight were badly injured and 72 others sustained minor injuries,” Jakarta police chief Fadil Imran told a press conference.
Authorities were still investigating the cause of the incident at Tangerang Penitentiary, just outside the capital Jakarta, but suspected an electrical fault may have been to blame.
“I have checked the scene. Based on early observation, it is suspected (the fire) happened because of a short circuit,” Imran said.
The penitentiary department’s website showed that the jail had just over 2,000 inmates, more than three times as many prisoners as it was designed to hold.
The block where the fire broke out had a maximum capacity of 40 inmates but housed 120, penitentiary directorate general spokesperson Rika Aprianti told Metro TV.
Overcrowded, unsanitary conditions are common in Indonesian prisons, which contain about 270,000 inmates, and jailbreaks are frequent.
In 2019, at least 100 prisoners escaped from a jail in Riau province, Sumatra after a riot and fire broke out.
In April last year, Indonesia released some 29,000 inmates in a bid to stop Covid-19 from rampaging through a prison system known for its unsanitary conditions.
Safety measures are often lacking in the Southeast Asian country of nearly 270 million.
In 2019, 30 people—including several children—were killed when a matchstick factory exploded in North Sumatra after a worker accidentally dropped a lighter on some flammable materials.