Argenoves Pinales, a 25-year-old medical assistant and restaurant manager working two jobs is over the moon to become a US citizen. Now, he wants to vote Donald Trump out of office.
"I feel great," he beams, one of 200 immigrants from 47 countries who pledged the oath of allegiance at a New York citizenship ceremony, and one of more than 14,000 being welcomed nationwide at dozens of events between 28 June and 10 July designed to celebrate Independence Day.
He dreams of going back to college to study criminal justice and joining the police department. He was one of 86 migrants from the Dominican Republic at Tuesday's ceremony, the largest single group and one of those countries experiencing a decline in US immigration visas.
"Everyone in my house is a citizen, so they were asking me 'oh you have to become one,'" he said. "So if something happens you can stay here."
The number of people getting visas to move permanently to the United States is expected to fall 12 per cent during Trump's first two years in office, according to a Washington Post analysis of government data.
"I became a citizen to vote," says Pinales, looking ahead to 2020, the next time that Americans can elect a president. "He's not going to be there!" he says of Trump.
"When he talks it's just him, him, him, him. You know he's rich, he's got money so he doesn't care about poor people."
The Supreme Court last week upheld the US president's travel ban, restricting arrivals from the mostly Muslim countries of Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria and Yemen, as well as North Korea.
The number of new arrivals from those Muslim-majority countries are heading toward an 81 per cent drop by 30 September, according to the Washington Post.
Of those countries, only Yemen was represented at the ceremony, and by only one new citizen.
The number of immigrant visas granted to people from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, China, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, India, Jamaica, Mexico, Pakistan, the Philippines and Vietnam had also declined, the Washington Post analysis found.
At Tuesday's ceremony, in the illustrious Beaux-Arts New York Public Library building on Fifth Avenue, a taped message of welcome from Trump was greeted with warm applause. "God Bless the USA" was played.
- 'Mixed emotions' -
Young, old, people of all colors and backgrounds were united in one purpose -- cheering in delight and many waving tiny US flags. The more gregarious posed thumbs up or blew a kiss to excited friends and relatives in the audience while collecting their certificates.
"For all its flaws, we have many, it is a great country" said Tony Marx, president of the New York Public Library, delivering a rallying cry for civic engagement and the responsibilities of democracy.
"When you see the country going in directions you don't agree with, from left or right I don't care... you now are citizens and you must act as citizens in the polling booths, on the streets, in meetings."
Immigration has always ebbed and flowed. If Barack Obama presided over an increase later in his administration, the number of visas so far granted under Trump are still higher than in earlier Obama years.
But if US politicians are paralysed about illegal immigration, those who spoke to AFP -- having jumped through all the hoops themselves -- were united in believing others had to abide by the law.
Of the seven new citizens who agreed to speak, Pinales alone was directly critical of Trump. Several expressed positive thoughts, others declined to comment.
"I understand both sides. They want to secure the country. At the same time people want to be with their family. So it's mixed emotions," said Aziz Traore, 23, who arrived from Mali as a seven-year-old.
The Washington Post says the number of immigrant visas approved for Africans is on set to fall 15 percent. Last January, Trump allegedly branded African nations "shithole countries" sparking scandal.
Yet Traore, who now lives in the Bronx, was unwilling to criticise.
"I know a lot of third world countries and there's a lot of crimes over there and problems with the government," he told AFP.
"He's the president," said Drvan Victorin, 19, who migrated from the tiny Caribbean island of St Lucia in search of a better life. "He knows what's best for us. So I think he's doing it for a good reason."