“Training for Ukrainian forces on the Patriot air defence system will begin as soon as next week at Fort Sill, Oklahoma,” Pentagon press secretary Brigadier General Pat Ryder told journalists.

“The training will prepare approximately 90 to 100 Ukrainian soldiers to operate, maintain and sustain the defensive system over a training course expected to last several months,” Ryder said.

“Once fielded, the Patriot will... contribute to Ukraine’s air defence capabilities and provide another capability to Ukrainian people to defend themselves against Russia’s ongoing aerial assaults,” he added.

Air defences have played a key role in protecting Ukraine from strikes and preventing Moscow’s forces from gaining control of the skies.

But as Russia faced increasing setbacks on the ground, it began systematically targeting critical infrastructure in Ukraine in attacks that have disrupted electricity, water and heat to millions of people.

Made by Raytheon, the MIM-104 Patriot is a surface-to-air missile (SAM) system initially developed to intercept high-flying aircraft.

It was modified in the 1980s to focus on the new threat of tactical ballistic missiles, and was first used in combat against Iraq’s Russian-made Scuds in the first Gulf War.

Patriot has been proven effective in Saudi Arabia against Iranian-designed ballistic missiles fired from Yemen, and primary contractor Raytheon says the system has intercepted more than 150 ballistic missiles in combat since 2015.

The goal of Ukraine’s international supporters is to build multi-layer air defences for the country consisting of low-, medium- and high-altitude systems that can protect against a variety of threats.