On 9 May, thousands of ruling party supporters who were bussed into the capital attacked a peaceful demonstration by anti-government protesters demanding President Rajapaksa resign over an economic crisis that has paralysed the country.
Then-prime minister Mahinda Rajapaksa -- the president's elder brother -- resigned shortly after the mob attack sparked retaliatory violence and arson, with more than 70 ruling party leaders' homes destroyed.
More than 225 people were hospitalised from the violence, according to health officials.
Police say they have arrested about 500 people in connection with the violence and retaliation.
Thousands continue to demonstrate outside the president's seafront office in Colombo, demanding he resign over an economic crisis that has resulted in acute shortages of food, fuel and essential medicines.
The shortages have been accompanied by record inflation and lengthy blackouts, bringing severe hardships to Sri Lankans, who are experiencing the country's worst financial crisis since independence from Britain in 1948.
Ranil Wickremesinghe was appointed as prime minister last week.
Wickremesinghe has the crucial support of two main opposition parties to form a "unity government" aimed at pulling the country out of the crisis, but had yet to form a full cabinet.
Four ministers were appointed on Saturday. Official sources said Wickremesinghe was still in talks with potential coalition partners to finalise his cabinet.
The prime minister was expected to also take on the crucial finance portfolio for ongoing bailout talks with the International Monetary Fund.
Energy minister Kanchana Wijesekera said the energy crisis was worse than initially feared.
"We will not be able to supply petrol in the next two days and I appeal to motorists not to queue up," Wijesekera said in parliament.
He said the government managed to raise 53 million dollars for a petrol tanker that was already at the Colombo port and was awaiting full payment before unloading.
"It will be Saturday or Sunday before we can distribute petrol, but we have a reserve for essential services like ambulances," Wijesekera said.
The foreign exchange crisis has also led to shortages of 14 essential drugs, including anti-rabies vaccines.