"I am taking legal action against the publishers and spreaders of these 100% Fake News," he added.
Paty had shown cartoons of the Prophet Mohamed to pupils in a class discussion on free speech in a school near Paris.
Macron's comments triggered protests in Muslim-majority countries at the weekend, with people burning pictures of Macron in Syria and setting fire to French flags in the Libyan capital Tripoli.
Pogba won the World Cup in Russia in 2018, with Les Bleus' next fixture a friendly with Finland on November 11 ahead of Nations League meetings with Portugal and Sweden.
United's next match is Wednesday's Champions League group game against RB Leipzig at Old Trafford.