Five heavily-armed young men executed the audacious attack that drew inspiration from ISIS. The investigators, however, could not uncover any evidence of direct operational training or support from ISIS headquarters.
The unlikely militants, all in their late teens or early 20s, were not madrasah students from the hinterland. They were city boys who grew up among Bangladesh’s elite, having attended top private schools and universities in Bangladesh and abroad. Their pathways to radicalisation were not foreseen, are still not very well-understood, but would seem to have been abrupt and even rapid.
Militant activities in the country is on the wane due to the law enforcement agencies’ continuous drive against them following the Holey Artisan attack. Now they don’t have any capacity to carry out any attack
On the evening of 1 July, a little after 9:00pm, they made their move and laid siege to the upscale cafe popular with expatriates – a calculated choice that paid off with maximum foreign casualties. Initially, they took everyone inside the cafe hostage before executing them based on nationality or religion. Some Bangladeshis were allowed to leave – one (Faraaz Hossain) bravely refused to leave without his two foreign friends and died with them.
The victims included nine Italians, seven Japanese, one Indian, one Bangladesh-born American and two Bangladeshis.
Besides, two police officers called to the scene were also killed by grenades during the first wave of the attack – this demonstrated how well-armed they were, and law enforcers subsequently backed off to wait for specialist commandos to come in and do the job, causing a nightlong standoff.
Thirteen people, including three foreigners, were rescued while 20 bodies of the hostages were recovered from the restaurant after a successful operation led by the first Para-commando Battalion, an elite force in the Bangladesh Army, the following morning (2 July).
Five militants and one restaurant staff were killed and one suspected militant was arrested during the drive.
Including the militants and two policemen, the total death toll was 29 from what is definitively described as “Bangladesh’s 9/11,” after the 2001 attack that brought down the World Trade Centre’s Twin Towers in New York, the most infamous terrorist attack of all time.
A case was filed with Gulshan police station in connection with the terror attack. Later, the case was transferred to the Detective Branch of Dhaka Metropolitan Police.
Twenty-one people were identified behind the attack. Among them, 13 people were killed in gunfights at different times.
Police pressed charges against eight people in the case on 23 July, 2018. The tribunal framed charges against them on 26 November. The trial began with the deposition of witnesses on 3 December.
On 17 November 2019, the tribunal set 27 November for delivering its verdict. On 27 November, 2019, seven men were sentenced to death for their roles in the Holey Artisan attack.
Speaking to Prothom Alo, DMP’s Counter Terrorism and Transnational Crime unit chief Md Asaduzzaman said, “Militant activities in the country is on the wane due to the law enforcement agencies’ continuous drive against them following the Holey Artisan attack. Now they don’t have any capacity to carry out any attack.”