TIB collected data from more than 200 government and private hospitals, city corporations, municipalities and contractor firms, and interviewed people from medical waste management sector between June 2021 and November 2022 to carry out the study.

The study shows 60 per cent of hospitals do not have bins to collect medical waste and 60 per cent of hospitals have no waste recycling system.

TIB said a portion of hospital employees and a ring of contractors are bringing back medical waste to markets and that is a big threat to public health.

The study shows corruption persists in medical waste collection, preservation, transportation and recycles and waste management lacks work force. Financial corruption mars manpower recruitment, and health ministry and city corporation officials and employees are involved in corruption.

Addressing the event, TIB executive director Iftekharuzzaman said anarchy prevails in medical waste management and there are weaknesses in laws related to this sector. No institutional structure has been created in medical waste management and this also lacks coordination, he added.