Eight international organisations expressed deep concerns over the recent political developments in Bangladesh following the BNP rally on 28 October.
They urged the Bangladesh government to end violence, repression, and intimidation against political opponents and release of all individuals detained arbitrarily.
“Bangladesh authorities must immediately cease resorting to violence and excessive use of force to suppress protests,” said the organisations in a statement published on the website of Robert F Kennedy Human Rights (RFKHR) on Monday.
Apart from RFKHR, the other organisations that signed the statement are Anti-Death Penalty Asia Network (ADPAN), Capital Punishment Justice Project (CPJP), International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims (IRCT), Omega Research Foundation (Omega), REDRESS and World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT).
“Last week, the BNP organised a massive rally to take place in Dhaka on October 28 to demand Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and her government resign and the facilitation of free and fair elections by a non-partisan independent administration. As the set date approached, reportedly over 1,200 political activists and leaders were arrested in different parts of the city, including their homes. Moreover, the Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC) ordered an internet shutdown from 11:00 a.m. to 8:00 pm on October 28.
Recent reports indicate that during the rally on October 28, Bangladeshi authorities used excessive force, and at least three people were killed (a policeman, a BNP activist and journalist Rafiq Bhuiyan). As of the morning of October 31, at least 11 people had died, and hundreds had been injured in connection with the protests in different cities. While there are also reports of violent reactions from protesters, this is an example of the extreme measures taken by law enforcement agencies to quash dissent. We are profoundly shocked by this loss of life and the escalation of violence during these protests.”
The statement said the reports of arbitrary arrests of over 500 BNP members and supporters are deeply troubling.
“These actions severely suppress political expression and raise serious concerns about the safety and well-being of those detained. We particularly fear that detainees may be subjected to physical and psychological torture and ill-treatment, which has been a longstanding and widespread practice in Bangladesh. Allegations of torture and ill-treatment by the security forces and law enforcement officers have further multiplied in the past weeks.”
The statement adds that Bangladesh government persistently used excessive force to suppress dissent and punish political opponents.
“A recent report reveals the government's increased campaign of repression against the opposition, further escalating the situation and exacerbating the human rights crisis in Bangladesh. This intensified crackdown on political opponents is unacceptable and raises concerns about the state of human rights, democracy, and fundamental freedoms in Bangladesh.”
The eight organisations further stated that the situation in Bangladesh goes beyond targeting political opposition and extends to the excessive use of force against striking Ready-Made Garment (RMG) workers, who have been grappling with the impacts of soaring inflation and price hikes for basic commodities in the country.
“As a result, at least two labor leaders have lost their lives due to police gunfire, and scores have sustained injuries during protests
We call on the government of Bangladesh to immediately stop the use of violence and excessive force against protesters and to ensure that the rights to freedom of expression, freedom of peaceful assembly, liberty, and personal integrity are respected and protected.”
The organisations also said it is essential that the relevant international supervision mechanisms urge Bangladesh to conduct a prompt and independent investigation into the recent incidents of violence and excessive use of force and that those responsible for human rights violations are held accountable.
The statement urged the international community to monitor the situation in Bangladesh closely and to engage with the government to ensure that these human rights violations are brought to an end.
“It is crucial that the global community upholds its commitment to defending and promoting human rights and that the people of Bangladesh are guaranteed their basic rights and freedoms. In particular, the United Nations member states must raise these concerns during the fourth cycle of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) on Bangladesh, taking place on November 13 2023, since the current human rights abuses result from a pattern of violence and repression of dissidents in the country, as noted in the alternative reports submitted by human rights organizations leading up to the UPR.”
“We stand in solidarity with the people of Bangladesh in their pursuit of a just, democratic, and peaceful society and call for an immediate end to the cycle of violence, repression, and intimidation against political opponents, as well as the immediate release of all the individuals who have been arbitrarily detained,” concludes the statement.