Albanese sought to frame the decision as an economic boon: “What business has been crying out for is investment certainty,” he said.

Climate action has been politically fraught in Australia, a country where fossil fuels are still vital export earners and feed the majority of domestic energy production.

More than a decade of political sparring—known locally as the “climate wars”—saw Australia labelled a climate laggard internationally, in part due to its unwillingness to phase out coal by 2030.

In 2022, MIT ranked Australia 52nd of 76 nations on its Green Future Index, which rates how much countries are shifting towards an environmentally sustainable economy.

During his election campaign, Albanese and his centre-left Labor party pledged to “end the climate wars” and raise Australia’s emissions targets.

He said Thursday that when speaking with global leaders since taking power “they have all welcomed Australia’s changed position” on climate action under the Paris Agreement.

The issue of emissions reduction and fossil fuel exports was a key point of tension between Australia’s previous government and Pacific leaders, who have labelled climate change the greatest threat to the region.

Albanese tried to sidestep criticism that higher targets could harm Australian jobs saying that he wanted to “seize the opportunity that is there from acting on climate change”.

He said the new targets would give business the certainty it needed to “invest over a longer time frame than the political cycle of three years”.

Even before the announcement though, Australia’s fossil fuel industry was in flux with many major companies seeking to decarbonise their operations.

On Wednesday, fossil fuel giant BP announced that it would take out a 40.5 per cent stake in a renewables project in Australia, billed as the largest power station on earth.

Anja-Isabel Dotzenrath, BP’s executive vice president of gas and low carbon energy, said the company believed that “Australia has the potential to be a powerhouse in the global energy transition”.