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Activist investors are increasingly turning their attention to Japanese companies, using resolutions that have been employed in Europe and the United States to push companies and banks away from investing in, or financing, fossil fuels like coal, which still has strong support in Japan.

The proposal was "essential for investors to correctly assess the transition risk and ambition level of the company, when it comes to addressing climate change," Eric Christian Pedersen, head of responsible investments at Danish fund manager Nordea Asset Management, told Reuters by email.

The 2015 Paris Agreement requires countries to curb emissions enough to keep temperature rises to within 1.5-2 degrees Celsius of pre-industrial levels to avert the worst effects of climate change.

Sumitomo is involved in two controversial coal power projects in Southeast Asia, the Van Phong 1 station in Vietnam and the Matarbari plant in Bangladesh, countries that have fast growing energy needs. Sumitomo recently announced it would aim for carbon neutrality by 2050.

"While we acknowledge the company's net zero commitment for 2050 and recent policy updates, we do not believe these are sufficiently aligned to limit global warming to 1.5C," Sachi Suzuki, senior engager at EOS at Federated Hermes, told Reuters by email.

This is "particularly because its policy for coal power generation allows various exceptions and would not affect the plants already under construction," Suzuki said. EOS at Federated Hermes has $1.5 trillion in assets under advice.

A similar proposal was put before shareholders of Mizuho Financial Group last year and defeated by a margin of around 65-35, the bank said at the time.

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