While delivering the keynote presentation, professor Ainun Nishat, team leader of the NAP Formulation Consortium discussed the changing patterns of the climate and associated risks on food security, salinity intrusion, livelihood, increasing temperature.

He said, “Adaptation is a global challenge but it has to be country-driven to address our problems. Therefore, we have to take it to the sub-national and local level to address local issues”. “For successful implementation, we have to build our capacity and mobilise domestic, multilateral and bilateral resources” he added.

Syed Md Rafiqul Amin, deputy director, department of Agricultural extension recommended, “We need to mainstream natural resource management and climate-resilient agricultural practices into the NAP formulation process. He further stated that such initiatives would require a proper demonstration to the farmers.

Mohammad Nurullah Noori, director, DoE, Chattogram Metro said “Our adaptation effort must integrate a plan to protect the ocean ecosystem particularly from oil spillage and carbon dioxide emission.” He further stated that undertaking such initiative would eventually help sustaining the livelihood of many people particularly the fishermen.

Bipul Krishna Das, conservator of forests, Chittagong circle of Bangladesh Forest Department said, “Conservation of the forest is vital to address climate change – we should undertake large-scale afforestation to protect the coastal belt.” He further stated that a successful afforestation initiative would require building a sense of ownership among the community people.

Md Mostafa Monwar, associate professor, Marine Sciences, University of Chattogram said, “We will not be able to make an effective climate change adaptation strategy unless we have the data of our natural forest. The forest is one of the major carbon sinks and also acts as a shield to natural disasters”. He also emphasised generating baseline data on invertebrates and planktons that are most vulnerable to climate change.

Sumon Roy, executive engineer, DHPE, informed “Salinity intrusion and depletion of groundwater are two major challenges in the coastal areas. Over the past few years, groundwater level has been depleted from 10 to 20 feet.”