Biden has previously said he wants Putin to stop trying to influence US elections, halt cyberattacks on US networks emanating from Russia, cease threatening Ukraine's sovereignty and release jailed Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny.
The White House has avoided describing Biden as seeking a "reset" in relations with Putin, a term often used by former US presidents as they sought to improve relations with Russia.
Rather, US officials see the face-to-face meeting as an opportunity to tilt the relationship away from what they view as former president Donald Trump's fawning overtures to Putin.
Russian officials told Reuters they regard the summit as an opportunity to hear from Biden directly after what one source close to the Russian government said were mixed messages from the US administration that took office on 20 January.
Putin views US pressure over Navalny and its support for pro-democracy activists in Russia and Belarus as tantamount to interfering in Russian domestic affairs.
Russia is also unhappy about US sanctions, including those announced on 15 April to punish Moscow for interfering in the 2020 US election, cyber hacking, bullying Ukraine and other alleged malign actions which Russia denies.
The U.S. government blacklisted Russian companies, expelled Russian diplomats and barred U.S. banks from buying sovereign bonds from Russia's central bank, national wealth fund and Finance Ministry. The United States warned Russia that more penalties were possible but said it did not want to escalate.
Russia denies meddling in US elections, orchestrating a cyber-hack that used US tech company SolarWinds Corp to penetrate US government networks and employing a nerve agent to poison Navalny, who is imprisoned on charges he says are politically motivated.
Biden has also voiced concerns about the buildup of Russian forces in Crimea, which Russia seized from Ukraine in March 2014, and along the border with Ukraine, which have raised US worries about a possible invasion.
In addition to discussing Ukraine, Psaki said Biden would raise Belarus' forcing a Ryanair plane to land on Sunday in Minsk, where authorities arrested a Belarusian dissident journalist aboard the plane.
Russia has denied reports four of its citizens got off the plane in Minsk, which sparked suspicions of Russian involvement. Psaki said the White House does not believe Russia played a role in the incident.