According to a recent study from the Arizona State University Department of Psychology, an online parenting skills programme for separating or divorcing parents reduces inter-parental conflict, enhances parenting quality, and lessens symptoms of anxiety and sadness in children.
The findings of the research were published in the journal 'Family Court Review'. Close to half of all marriages in the US end in divorce, affecting over 1 million children each year. These children are at an increased risk of struggling in school, experiencing mental health or substance use problems and engaging in risky sexual behavior.
“Most children bounce back after divorce, but anywhere between 25-33 per cent of children have significant problems, including academic challenges, mental health problems, risky sexual behavior and substance use," said Sharlene Wolchik, professor of psychology at ASU and first author on the paper.
“We showed that the online eNew Beginnings Program, which is based on 30 years of research into factors that help kids after divorce, benefits these children,” added Wolchik.
The researchers, led by Wolchik and Irwin Sandler, Regents' Professor of psychology emeritus at ASU, adapted an in-person parenting skills programme to be web-based and asynchronous, which meant parents could complete training sessions whenever they wanted and even on their phones.
The effectiveness of the eNew Beginnings Program was tested in a randomised controlled trial that included 131 participants who were randomly given access to the programme or assigned to a waitlist.
"Many divorcing parents are concerned about their children and might be frightened by the statistics they read that their children are at increased risk for negative outcomes. This study provides the strongest evidence to date of the positive impact of an online programme for divorcing and separating parents," Sandler said.
“Family court judges can use it as a tool to protect the wellbeing of children and to help parents through the process,” Sandler added.
The eNew Beginnings Program consists of 10 sessions that focus on parenting quality and inter-parental conflict, which directly contribute to mental health problems in children after divorce or separation.
To test how well the programme worked, the study used evaluations from both parents enrolled in the course and their children. Parents and children reported that the course improved parenting quality and reduced anxiety and depression symptoms in kids.
Both also reported reduced conflict between parents. The size of the reduction in inter-parental conflict was greater for the online programme than the in-person version.
“We were surprised that the effects of the online programme were stronger than the in-person programme. The eNew Beginnings Program was designed to be highly interactive and engaging in its focus on teaching parents how to identify obstacles to practicing the skills they learn, which is a key part of the programme,” Wolchik said.
The online programme also had a better completion rate than the in-person version, likely because the asynchronous format allowed participants to pause and come back at any time. Among those participants who completed the first session, 16 per cent finished the in-person version, but 60 per cent finished the eNew Beginnings Program.
“That completion rate is unusual for programmes like this. The eNew Beginnings Program was designed to accessible, and more than half of the participants completed the sessions on their smart phone,” Sandler said.
Wolchik and Sandler have been working for years to expand access to the New Beginnings Program because they know it works. The in-person programme is expensive; they estimate it costs approximately USD 700 per family and the combination of having to train facilitators with the scheduling constraints of parents who are balancing work and childcare likely contributed to the low programme completion rate.
“We have been working for a long time to disseminate this programme and our frustration with the expense and other hurdles is what led us to turn to the web. We are thrilled that the eNew Beginnings Program works just as well,” Sandler said.
Over 80 per cent of the participants said that family courts should recommend divorcing or separating parents complete the eNew Beginnings Program.