Twitter was flooded with Explorer memes, including tombstones or coffins bearing the browser's signature blue "e," and the occasional screenshot of error messages saying the app had stopped working.

Microsoft announced the change last year, and in a blog post Wednesday explained the need to start fresh with a different browser -- Microsoft Edge.

"Internet Explorer (IE) is officially retired and out of support as of today," the firm wrote.

"The web has evolved and so have browsers. Incremental improvements to Internet Explorer couldn't match the general improvements to the web at large, so we started fresh," it added.

Antitrust battle

Internet Explorer's first version came out in 1995, in a challenge to the then rising early internet star Netscape Navigator.

The ubiquity of Microsoft's operating system became a route also for Explorer to steadily become the default for many users.

In 1997 US authorities contended Microsoft, by incorporating its Internet Explorer in the Windows operating system for the first time, was trying to crush competition from Netscape.

The case was concluded with a settlement in November 2001 that imposed no financial penalty, but forced billionaire Bill Gates's software giant to disclose more technical information and barred anti-competitive agreements on Microsoft products.

However, users gradually got more alternatives to the browser many loved to hate for its slowness and tech glitches.

Microsoft's market share in the browser business plunged from more than 90 percent in the 2000s to the low single digits this year.

Google's Chrome, with nearly 65 per cent, is the market leader, according to Statcounter, a web traffic analysis site.

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