The papers also claim that the judge found Jolie's "testimony lacked credibility in many important areas" and that her bid to challenge the new custody proceedings would "work grave harm upon the children, who will be further denied permanence and stability."

Jolie, 45, is attempting to have the judge dismissed from the divorce case.

The terms of the pair's original childcare agreement were never publicly revealed, but US entertainment media has widely reported that Pitt has been seeking equal custody, while Jolie sought sole custody.

A source told AFP on Wednesday that the judge's recent ruling "modified the customary order to significantly increase his time with the kids," although that could not be verified as the order -- which is not final -- is under seal.

Pitt, now 57, was accused of striking one of his children during a flight from France to Los Angeles shortly before Jolie filed for divorce, but was later cleared by the FBI and social workers.

"The recent decision in the custody matter is a tentative one ... we are a long way from a final resolution of anything," a source close to the issue told AFP.

"Angelina believes that she and the children have been denied a fair trial and will continue to seek the best solution for the children and their well being," the source said.

The A-listers -- given the celebrity moniker "Brangelina" -- wed in France in 2014, but had been a couple since 2004 after starring as married assassins in "Mr and Mrs Smith."

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