Nearby areas were evacuated and residents told to stay indoors as emergency responders established a 500-metre (546 yards) cordon around the site of the incident, the crisis cell said.

The southern beach of Aqaba, a Red Sea resort area, was also evacuated, officials said.

The deputy chief of the Aqaba Region Ports Authority, Haj Hassan, told Al-Mamlaka that an “iron rope carrying a container containing a toxic substance broke,” leading to the fall and leak.

The channel also cited the former head of the company that operates the port, Mohammed al-Mubaidin, as saying that a vessel had been waiting to load almost 20 containers of liquified gas “containing a very high percentage of chlorine”.

He added that the gas is heavy and “it is not easy for its gas clouds to move... as it concentrates in one area and is affected by wind movement”.

The fallen white tank, punctured and stained yellow from where the gas burst out, came to rest on the dock directly beside the Forest 6 vessel. Ship-tracking websites say the deck cargo ship was built only this year and sails under a Hong Kong flag.

Hospitals full

Local media showed members of civil defence forces, some dressed in hazmat suits, as well as medics rushing to the scene clad in masks.

The leak was unlikely to reach neighbouring Israel, a spokeswoman for that country’s environmental protection ministry said, noting that a northerly wind was blowing.

Jordan’s crisis cell said authorities were “working to clear the scene of the accident from the effects of the leak, in preparation for the return of normal life.”

Trucks were seen lined in a row carrying similar containers at the time the accident occurred.

Prime Minister Bishr Khasawneh and Interior Minister Mazen al-Faraya headed to the scene, state media reported.

The injured were transported to two state hospitals, one private facility and a field hospital.

As night fell dozens of people had gathered outside the emergency department of one Aqaba hospital.

Aqaba health director Jamal Obeidat said that hospitals were full in the area and “cannot receive more cases”.

“The injured people are in medium to critical condition,” he added.

He called on residents of Aqaba to “stay in their homes and shut all windows as a precaution”, stating that the chemical substance is very dangerous, without specifying what it was.

Civil defence spokesman Amer al-Sartawy said more than 2,700 security and emergency personnel were deployed to the scene, and about 45 of them ended up among the injured.

The prime minister headed a meeting with the interior and other ministers where he ordered that an investigation be opened to determine the cause, the crisis cell said.

Israel expressed its condolences and offered aid.

“As we’ve told our friends in Jordan, the Israeli defence establishment is ready to assist with any effort, by any means necessary,” Defence Minister Benny Gantz said.

Jordan’s Aqaba port is the country’s only marine terminal and a transit point for a vast portion of its imports and exports.