The announcement of the government last week was a key step in the Taliban's consolidation of power over Afghanistan, following a stunning military victory that saw them oust the US-backed administration on 15 August.

Notorious for their brutal and oppressive rule from 1996 to 2001, the Taliban had promised a more inclusive government this time.

However, all the top positions were handed to key leaders from the movement and the Haqqani network -- the most violent faction of the Taliban known for devastating attacks.


Presenting an oral update on the rights situation in Afghanistan to the council, Bachelet stressed that most Afghans were eager to see an end to the decades of conflict and division.

"They long for peace and stability in a country where they and their children can prosper," she said.

Most Afghans, she said, wanted to live in a country "where they can contribute to a governance system that encourages meaningful participation of women and youth, and brings together the country's ethnic and religious communities."

'Reprisal killings' 

In her update, requested during a special council session on Afghanistan last month, Bachelet highlighted that the Islamist hardliners had pledged a more moderate brand of rule this time around, including assuring women's rights within the framework of Islamic law.

But she said information received by her office, "which we assess to be well-founded, indicates that practice on the ground has often contradicted these stated commitments."

She pointed in particular to "credible allegations of reprisal killings" of former members of the Afghan national security forces.

She also highlighted arbitrary detentions of people who worked for previous administrations, including some who were later "found dead".

And she decried multiple allegations of house-to-house searches for former officials, raids on offices of some civil society groups, as well as "increasing violence against protesters and journalists".

Bachelet voiced particular concern for the situation of women and girls.

"In contradiction to assurances that the Taliban would uphold women's rights, over the past three weeks women have instead been progressively excluded from the public sphere," she lamented.

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights reiterated her appeal to the council to set up a "dedicated mechanism" to monitor the rights situation in Afghanistan in a bid to ensure accountability for violations.

Rights groups and some countries have also voiced hope that the current council session, which lasts until 8 October, will go further than the special session last month, which stopped short of ordering an international investigation into abuses in the country.

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