Putin has sought to legitimise the invasion by comparing it with the previous struggle against Nazism and the national pride it brought.

“Today, our soldiers, as their ancestors, are fighting side by side to liberate their native land from the Nazi filth with the confidence that, as in 1945, victory will be ours,” Putin said.

Zelensky also marked the end of the 1939-1945 war by comparing Ukraine’s battle for national survival to the region’s war of resistance against its former Nazi occupiers.

“Decades after World War II, darkness has returned to Ukraine, and it has become black and white again,” he said, in a monochrome social media video shot before a bombed-out apartment block.

Zelensky said later in his nightly video address that the school attack showed “Russia has forgotten everything that was important to the victors of World War II.”

New visits, fresh sanctions

In the latest shows of Western support, US First Lady Jill Biden and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau made unannounced visits to Ukraine, and G7 leaders joined Zelensky on a video call before pledging new backing—including a key vow to ban or phase out imports of Russian oil.

Britain announced more sanctions against Russia—import tariffs on precious metals and export bans.

After Zelensky’s video conference with G7 leaders, the group—comprising Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the United States—said in a statement that Putin’s “unprovoked war of aggression” had brought “shame on Russia and the historic sacrifices of its people”.

The White House said the G7 was “committed to phasing out or banning the import of Russian oil”.

But EU diplomats will meet again next week to hammer out details of their latest sanctions package, after a proposed embargo on Russian oil exposed rifts in the bloc.

Separately, the White House said the United States would slap sanctions on three major Russian television stations and deny all Russian companies access to US firms’ consulting and accounting services.

First Lady Biden met her Ukrainian counterpart Olena Zelenska at a school sheltering civilians, including children displaced by the conflict, near Ukraine’s border with Slovakia.

“I wanted to come on Mother’s Day,” Jill Biden told reporters, saying she sought to demonstrate US support for Ukraine.

Tunnel network

Meanwhile, depleted Ukrainian forces are bracing to defend their final bastion in the devastated port city of Mariupol.

Civilians have now been evacuated from Mariupol’s Azovstal steelworks, witnesses said.

An AFP reporter in the city of Zaporizhzhia said Sunday that eight buses carrying 174 civilians—including 40 evacuated from Azovstal—had arrived in that Ukrainian-controlled city.

“The latest information that I have from both Ukraine and Russia is that there are no more civilians there (Azovstal), but we are not in a position to verify. We weren’t inside the plant,” Osnat Lubrani, the UN’s humanitarian coordinator in Ukraine, told AFP.

More than 600 civilians have now been safely evacuated from the steelworks and other areas of Mariupol, the UN said.

This leaves a small force of defenders holed up in Azovstal’s sprawling network of tunnels and bunkers.

“We hoped everyday for an evacuation,” said Vladymyr Babeush, 41, an Azovstal evacuee who worked at the plant and was among those who arrived in Zaporizhzhia. “And now we are done waiting. We’re so thankful to everyone involved.”

“I’m very tired. I was in the bus for about 17 hours. But I feel happy because there’s fresh air and I’m in Ukraine,” said 17-year-old Azovstal evacuee Dmytro, who was wearing one of the plant’s workers uniforms.

The complex—the final pocket of Ukrainian resistance in the city—has taken on symbolic value.

Full control of Mariupol would allow Moscow to create a land bridge between the Crimean peninsula, which it annexed in 2014, and eastern regions run by pro-Russian separatists.

In one of those regions, Lugansk, Ukrainian forces are now mounting a last-ditch defence of Severodonetsk, formerly an industrial city of 100,000 people.

Lugansk region governor Sergiy Gaiday said rescuers in Bilogorivka were searching for survivors in the debris left by the Russian attack on the school there, though the outlook was bleak.

“Bombs fell on the school,” he said on Telegram, “and unfortunately it was completely destroyed.”

‘Filtration camps’

Civilians who escaped Mariupol describe passing through Russian “filtration” sites where several evacuees told AFP they were questioned, strip-searched, fingerprinted, and had their phones and documents checked.

“They asked us if we wanted to go to Russia... or stay and rebuild the city of Mariupol,” said Azovstal evacuee Natalia, who asked that her full name not be published.

“But how can I rebuild it? How can I return there if the city of Mariupol doesn’t exist anymore?”

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