In a newspaper opinion piece this week, conservative lawmaker and foreign policy expert Norbert Roettgen also said the only correct course of action was to “stop Russia’s oil and gas business now”.

“Nearly a billion euros ($1.1 billion) are being poured into (Russian President Vladimir) Putin’s war chests every day, thwarting our sanctions against the Russian central bank” and “for many Ukrainians, it will be too late if we hesitate now,” he wrote.

People in Germany have shown such solidarity with the Ukrainians that they wouldn’t mind if it was a bit colder in their living rooms
Conservative Christoph Heusgen, a former adviser to Angela Merkel

So far, Scholz’s government has remained unmoved, reasoning that sanctions should not risk destabilising the countries imposing them.

Since Germany imports more than half its gas and coal and about a third of its oil from Russia, experts say a transition period would be needed to avoid the lights going out.

“If we end up in a situation where nurses and teachers are not coming to work, where we have no electricity for several days... Putin will have won part of the battle, because he will have plunged other countries into chaos,” foreign minister Annalena Baerbock warned on Tuesday.

Underlining the precariousness of Germany’s situation, Baerbock also admitted in a separate interview that Economy Minister Robert Habeck, also of the ecologist Green party, was “urgently trying to buy hard coal worldwide”.

Experts say a complete embargo would be painful, but not impossible.

‘Whatever it takes’

In a study published this week, nine economists argued that oil and coal from Russia could easily be replaced by imports from other countries, though this could be a little trickier for gas.

If we end up in a situation where nurses and teachers are not coming to work, where we have no electricity for several days... Putin will have won part of the battle, because he will have plunged other countries into chaos
Annalena Baerbock, Foreign minister

If Russian gas cannot be fully compensated for by other suppliers, households and businesses “would have to accept a 30 per cent drop in supply”, and Germany’s total energy consumption would dip by around eight per cent, the study said.

According to the economists, GDP could fall by 0.2 to 3 per cent and the sanctions could cost each German between 80 and 1,000 euros a year, depending on how much Russian gas can be replaced.

The Leopoldina National Academy of Sciences has also said that temporarily stopping Russian gas supplies would be tough but manageable for the German economy, “even if energy bottlenecks could occur in the coming winter”.

But, to protect consumers against price hikes and to encourage the transition to renewable energy, significant government support would likely be needed.

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For the Sueddeutsche Zeitung newspaper, a war in Europe is an “emergency” that justifies continuing with the “whatever it takes” mentality spawned by the coronavirus pandemic.

“Germany can borrow money for this,” it said, arguing that a “rich” country like Germany “can and must afford” to step away from Russian energy.

Observers have also noted that Germany has the option of delaying its nuclear exit -- planned for the end of the year.

Conservative Christoph Heusgen, a former adviser to Angela Merkel, told the ARD broadcaster that Germans are ready to turn down the heating to help.

“People in Germany have shown such solidarity with the Ukrainians that they wouldn’t mind if it was a bit colder in their living rooms,” he said.

According to a YouGov poll published this week, the majority of Germans would support a boycott of Russian oil and gas, with 54 per cent of respondents saying they were strongly or somewhat in favour.

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