Asked about the growing challenges before the country, Axel said that as per the latest Global Economic Prospect of the World Bank, the global economic growth has been projected at 1.7 per cent, the lowest growth the world has experienced over the last three decades, although the global growth projection was 3 per cent in last June.
“This indicates that how challenging the global economy is while Bangladesh is also integrated with the world economy,” he added.
Asked whether their decision for withdrawing funding from the Padma Multipurpose Bridge Project was wrong or not, Axel said that over the last 50 years, the World Bank Group has committed over $42 billion to Bangladesh against some 365 projects.
We’re accompanying the country in its next phase of development efforts particularly trying to double the per capita income and also to see how we can support the country to face new challenges
“We’ve always said that we’re going to be a long-term partner ... there can be sometimes ups and downs, but the main thing is that the World Bank stay focused on the development,” he said.
Axel cited that before the proposed funding in Padma Bridge, the World Bank used to commit $1 billion per year to Bangladesh on average, but the last IDA-19 package consists of $4.5 billion in just two years.
Replying to another question about the possibility of lowering the lending rate, he said the standard IDA rates do not change regardless the cost of borrowings in the market is going up.
He said although those who are borrowing from market are facing higher cost, “But, we can’t do too much in this regard.”
Replying to another question, the World Bank managing director said the budget support is happening more in the developing countries as all the developing countries now need more money.
“We’re here when the lights are off, we need to be here for a long-term partnership and also need to step up in crisis,” he added.
Responding to a question on debt relief, Axel said that some 60 countries are in debt distress where Sri Lanka is a prominent case.
He informed that they are planning for a comprehensive debt relief for countries like Zambia adding, “We’re looking forward to do as much as we can.”
Sought comments on the Rohingya crisis, Axel termed it as a “terrible crisis” and said that the trend is deeply concerning.
He noted that the people of Bangladesh and the government have shown incredible solidarity and generosity to the forcibly displaced Rohingyas adding, “Everybody hopes that the Rohingyas would return to their homeland,”
Axel, however, said the political situation in Myanmar is making it extremely difficult like “stuck in a rock and hard place.”
In this regard, he mentioned that the World Bank has so far mobilised $590 million to Bangladesh including grants adding, “We’ll continue to see how we can be supportive to the government to the maximum extent possible.”
Citing that the lending agency is in a difficult operating environment over the issue, he said that the crisis calls for the whole world to provide additional support for having a peaceful world.
Mentioning that the World Bank has been enjoying a wonderful relationship with Bangladesh, Alex said that they are also looking to enjoy such relationship in the future.
“We’re accompanying the country in its next phase of development efforts particularly trying to double the per capita income and also to see how we can support the country to face new challenges,” he added.
Highlighting the World Bank’s support in Bangladesh’s various sectors like human resource development, education, health, disaster management, infrastructure, agriculture, social protection, Axel said Bangladesh is solidly in a lower mid income range while the country is also poised to double its income level by 2031.
“We’ve a clear vision to reduce poverty and invest large sum in human capital particularly in education,” he added.
The World Bank managing director also said that the lending agency could work more in climate change and digitalisation related issues with Bangladesh in the coming days.
World Bank vice president Martin Raiser, country director Abdoulaye Seck and senior external affairs officer Mehrin Ahmed Mahbub were also present at the press conference.